Какие «безобидные» детские болезни сложнее переносить взрослому человеку и почему?

Практически любое инфекционное заболевание, которое до сих пор называют»детским», переносится взрослыми намного тяжелее, чем детьми. Раньше почти поголовно дети в дошкольном возрасте (после одного года и лет до шести-семи) переболевали корью, краснухой, ветряной оспой. Немного реже встречались скарлатина и эпидемический паротит. Еще реже дети болели полиомиелитом и дифтерией. Но все эти болезни были в допрививочную эру широко распространены, нередко заканчивались смертью ребенка или инвалидностью (полиомиелит).

В двадцатом веке прививки стали очень активно применять, чтобы защитить детей от этих инфекций. Удалось резко снизить заболеваемость всеми управляемыми инфекциями. Но со временем иммунитет после детских прививок угасает, и взрослые уже не защищены от этих инфекций. Если взрослый или подросток заболевают «детской» инфекцией, то у них чаще отмечаются осложнения. Например, корь приводит к пневмонии или энцефалиту; краснуха опасна для беременных женщин влиянием на плод; эпидемический паротит приводит к бесплодию у мужчин и осложнениям со стороны нервной системы и так далее. К тому же процессы регенерации у взрослых уже снижены, и на коже могут остаться следы (оспинки, пигментация).

Поэтому сейчас делают повторные прививки (ревакцинацию) против этих инфекций, чтобы поддерживать иммунитет у подростков и взрослых.

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